Importance of National Parks
Civilization is a good thing though it poses serious dangers to natural resources. Flora and fauna or plants and animals are the main resources of the world. It is in a bid to conserve such resources that countries have established special places for them. These are the special areas that are usually referred to as national parks or game reserves. The management of national parks and game reserves in most parts of the world is usually under national, state or county governments.
It is a clear fact that national parks are very important to the economy of any country. The first assets in national parks are wildlife and plant species which usually differ from one country to the other. The chance to see rare plant and animal species makes many tourists visit specific countries in the world. Tourism is a major foreign exchange earner to most countries that have tourist attraction sites. Such incomes definitely translate to a huge Gross Domestic Product (G.D.P) of a country.
Attractions in national parks are quite different and diverse. A good example is the presence of rare animal species in national parks found in African countries. Such animals like leopards, buffaloes and lions are a common feature in most African national parks. It is however possible to find animal species in other continents which are an absent phenomenon in Africa. A good example is the availability of Kangaroos in Australian national parks and the great bison in United States of America.
In recent times, national parks have started being used for recreational purposes by natives of the nation. Camping and hiking form part of some of the recreational attractions present in modern day national parks. In other countries, national parks are also used as arenas for holding of long distance races like marathons. How do national parks serve as recreational activities? This is an important point since any activities happening in national parks must not create any human-wildlife conflicts.
First of all, it is good to understand that recreational activities cannot happen in any national parks. For any national park to be used for recreation, it must be set up in such a manner that such activities will not pose dangers to wildlife as well as to human beings. Case in point is the consistent use of the Big Bend national park in the United States of America for hiking activities. The fact that the park has many natural tracks and trails allows for hiking without interfering with animal life.
Leisure walks and camping also happen inside some national parks. For camping to be conducted, a park that is not inhabited by carnivorous animals comes in handy. This is because carnivorous animals may pose dangers to human beings. The main way in which governments have made parks conducive for such activities is by demarcating areas for wildlife which are different from where recreational activities happen.